Santa Justa Elevator

Also known as the ‘Elevator of Carmo’, this impressive 45-meter (147-ft) iron structure links downtown Baixa with the higher Largo do Carmo. Opened in 1902 (and originally powered by steam), it was built by the Portuguese-born French architect, Raoul de Mesnier du Ponsard, apprentice to Gustave Eiffel (note the similarities to the Eiffel Tower!) Take the ride to the top for great views of the river, castle and Praça do Rossio, or ascend higher still, via the spiral staircase to the top storey café for a bite with serious city views.